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Mexico Gold Coins

Brief Notes on Mexican History

The Aztec Empire was famous for its gold. Huitzilopochtli or Tonatiuh was their sun god. Gold and the sun are tightly connected in many cultures because they share the same brilliant yellow colour. The Aztecs used gold for artefacts in connection with their religion, and also used it to decorate clothing. It was for gold that Diego Velásquez ordered Herman Cortes in 1519 to reconnoitre Mexico, and for the same reason that Cortes disregarded Velásquez's orders to conquer the Aztec Empire in the name of the King of Spain.

Spanish Rule

Mexico, known as New Spain remained under Spanish rule until independence was declared on 16th September 1810 by Father Miguel Hidalgo, although full independence was not achieved until 1821 under General Agustin de Iturbide. During this period most coins were of Spanish type, and are often only distinguished by their mintmarks. The gold coins issued being escudos, 2 escudos, 4 escudos, 8 escudos, and half escudos.

Independence & Turbulent Times

From 1821 until the Reform Constitution of 5th February 1917, underwent considerable political upheaval, since then it has been one of the most stable nations in South America. The coinage remained based on Spanish coin types until the adoption of decimal currency in 1864 based on the peso, but appears to have produce the pre-decimal coins for a few years alongside the new coins.

Mexican Gold Coins

We often have Mexican gold coins for sale. The table below show specifications for Mexican gold coins, followed by coins for sale from our stock.

Fifty Pesos

For a more complete listing of 50 pesos, please see our separate Mexican 50 Pesos page.


DenominationDiameterWeightAlloyGold Content
8 Escudos3727.0674.8750.7614
1 Peso14.5?1.6920.8750.04476
2 Pesos12.851.6666.9000.0482
2.5 Pesos16.02.0833.9000.0602
5 Pesos194.1666.9000.1205
10 Pesos238.3333.9000.2411
20 Pesos2716.6666.9000.4823
50 Pesos3641.6666.9001.2057
Quarter Ounce237.7758.99900.2500
1,000 Pesos - One Ounce33.831.1035.99901.0000
1 Onza - One Ounce33.831.1035.99901.0000

Key to Table

Denomination = Face Value
Diameter = Diameter in millimetres
Weight = Gross weight in grams.
Gold Content = Gold content in Troy Ounces.


191820 PesosAskYes
19452 PesosAbout UncYes
19452.5 PesosAbout UncYes
194750 PesosAbout UncYes
19555 PesosAbout UncYes
195910 PesosAbout UncYes
195920 PesosAbout UncYes

1968 Mexico City Olympic Gold Medal
Official medal in 22ct gold.

Postage & Packing

UK Registered Post (Special Delivery) £9 per order
EU Insured Post £10 per order
USA Airmail $10 per order
USA Insured Shipping $20 per order
Rest of World (where available) £10 International Registered (fully insured)

Other Mexican Coins

For Mexican coins in silver or base metal, or Mexican coin sets other than gold, please look at the Mexican Coins page of our original website.

Coins Wanted
We make an active market in almost all world coins, gold or otherwise, including Mexican gold coins, whether listed on this page or not. If you have any of these coins to sell, please contact us, or post them to us for appraisal and offer.

Obverse of 1714 Mexican Hammered 1 Escudo

Obverse of 1714 Mexican Hammered 1 Escudo

Countries Index

Reverse of  of 1714 Mexican Hammered 1 Escudo

Reverse of 1714 Mexican Hammered 1 Escudo

Obverse of 2006 Mexican One Onza

Obverse of 2006 Mexican One Onza

Reverse of 2006 Mexican One Onza

Reverse of 2006 Mexican One Onza


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