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Brazilian History

Portuguese Influence
Brazil was discovered in 1500 by Admiral Pedro Alares Cabral, and claimed for Portugal. A Portuguese settlement was established in 1532, and Brazil was proclaimed a Royal Colony in 1549. Brazil remains the only Latin American country with Portuguese as its language, and with Portugal as its major cultural influence, the other countries being mainly of Spanish influence.During the Napoleonic wars, Dom Joao VI moved the Portuguese government to Rio de Janeiro. On his return to Portugal, his son Dom Pedro I declared Brazil's independence on September 7th 1822, and himself as Emperor. Brazil remained an empire until 1889 when it became a federal republic. This became the Federative Republic in 1946. In 1964 there was a military coup which remained as a dictatorship until March 15th 1985 when the civilian government was restored. The constitution which established the Federative Republic was replaced by a new constitution in 1988.
Although Brazil's best known city is Rio de Janeiro, it's capital is Brasilia.

Brazilian Coins
Early Brazilian coins were similar to Portuguese coins, and were denominated in Reis. When Portugal adopted the escudo in 1825, Brazil retained the reis, which is still used today.
We occasionally have a small selection of Brazilian gold coins in stock. We show the specifications here of the most frequently held coins, followed by a list of coins most recently available.

Specifications
Technical specifications of the most frequently encountered Brazilian gold coins.
DenominationDiameterWeightAlloyAGW
4,000 Reis2910.75.9170.317
10,000 Reis (1853 - 1889)238.9648.9170.2643
20,000 Reis3017.9296.9170.5286

Key
Diameter = Approximate Diameter in millimetres.
Weight = Weight in grams.
Alloy = Fineness of gold.
AGW = Actual fine gold weight in troy ounces.

Descriptions
20,000 Reis
Obverse
Three different portraits of Pedro (Peter) II were used. Our photograph shows the third bust, which is larger than the second bust. In the first portrait Pedro is wearing a very fancy high collar.
PETRUS II D G V IMP ET PERP BRAS DEF
(Date) 1853

Reverse
There were also three different reverse designs each corresponding to the change of obverse portrait. All three feature a crowned flat-topped shield. Beneath this there is a five pointed star superimposed on a flower from which emanates a laurel branch on the left, and a different plant on the right, possibly an IpÍ-Amarelo - (Tecoma chrysostricha), which is the national flower of Brazil.
The Latin legend (inscription) IN HOC SI GNO VINCES means "in this matter you will triumph".

Prices & Availability
Please contact us prior to ordering for current prices and availability.
DateDenominationGradeMintageAvailabilityPrice £Price $
17234,000 ReisVF, small cut Yes£975$1,545
185320,000 ReisVF246,000Yes£700$1,100
185610,000 Reisabout VF262,000Yes£425$675
185620,000 Reisabout VF262,000Sold£412$639

Other Notes
Although we have spelt the countries name as Brazil, it seems that the Brazilians spell it Brasil.

Obverse of 1723 Brazil 4,000 Reis
Obverse of 1723 Brazilian 4,000 Reis

Reverse of 1723 Brazil 4,000 Reis
Reverse of 1723 Brazilian 4,000 Reis

Obverse of 1853 Brazilian 20,000 Reis of Pedro II
Obverse of 1853 Brazilian 20,000 Reis of Pedro II

Countries Index

Reverse of 1853 Brazil 20,000 Reis
Reverse of 1853 Brazil 20,000 Reis

Obverse of 1856 Brazilian 10,000 Reis of Pedro II
Obverse of 1856 Brazilian 10,000 Reis of Pedro II

Reverse of 1856 Brazil 10,000 Reis
Reverse of 1856 Brazil 21,000 Reis

Obverse of 1853 Brazilian 20,000 Reis of Pedro II
Obverse of 1741 Brazilian 400 Reis

Obverse of 1853 Brazilian 20,000 Reis of Pedro II
Reverse of 1741 Brazilian 400 Reis



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